South of the river and directly south of the City, Southwark - also known as The Borough or just Borough - was once the hard-drinking, licentious, unlicensed and largely lawless counterpart to the industry and commerce to the North. This was an area of taverns and theatres, bull and bear baiting and rollocking good time having.
Later the area was taken over by factories and the warehouses storing goodies brought in on the Thames but the good times had definitely stopped rolling.
The regeneration of what had become a forlorn and a largely forgotten part of town was kick-started by the conversion of the hulking Bankside Power Station into the hulking Tate Modern in 2000. Tate Modern now pulls in almost 5m visitors a year and has become the late-arrival anchor tenant of a river-side stretch of cultural powerhouses that no other city can match.
The banks of the Thames now throng with visitors, from Waterloo Bridge to Tower Bridge or from The National Theatre to City Hall if you prefer.
But there is now far more activity a few blocks back from the river and the area is earmarked as a new commercial and creative hub with a cluster of gleaming towers in the works following the arrival of the Shard. Architects and designers have taken over warehouse buildings whilst banks and publishing houses occupy smart new blocks on Southwark Street itself.